Dogue de Bordeaux Dog Breed Information(French Mastiff)

The Dogue de Bordeaux, also known as the French Mastiff, is a powerful and muscular breed that originated in France. With their distinctive wrinkled face and large head, they are easily recognizable and have gained popularity as both a family pet and a working dog.

Dogue de Bordeaux (French Mastiff)

Physical Characteristics

The Dogue de Bordeaux is a large breed, with males typically weighing between 110-145 pounds and females between 99-120 pounds. They have a short, dense coat that comes in various shades of fawn, ranging from a light to a dark reddish-brown. Their wrinkled face and droopy jowls give them a unique and expressive appearance.


  • Adult males typically stand between 23.5 to 27 inches (60 to 68 cm) at the withers (the highest point of the shoulders).
  • Adult females generally have a height range of 23 to 26 inches (58 to 66 cm) at the withers.


  • Adult males usually weigh between 110 to 140 pounds (50 to 64 kg).
  • Adult females typically have a weight range of 99 to 120 pounds (45 to 54 kg).

Lifespan Of Dogue de Bordeaux

Typically ranges between 8 to 12 years. Like many larger breeds, the longevity of individual dogs can be influenced by various factors, including genetics, diet, exercise, veterinary care, and overall health management.

Temperament and Personality

Despite their intimidating size, Dogue de Bordeaux are known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are loyal and protective of their family, making them excellent guard dogs. While they are generally calm and easygoing, they can be stubborn at times and require consistent training and socialization from an early age.

Also Read: Gator Pitbull Breed Guide

Exercise and Training

Due to their large size and strength, Dogue de Bordeaux require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. Daily walks and play sessions are essential to prevent boredom and potential behavioral issues. Training should be firm but positive, using reward-based methods to motivate and encourage the dog.

Health and Care

Like many large breeds, Dogue de Bordeaux are prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia, heart problems, and various types of cancer. Regular vet check-ups, a balanced diet, and proper exercise are crucial to maintaining their overall health and well-being. Their short coat requires minimal grooming, although regular brushing will help keep it clean and healthy.

Living with a Dogue de Bordeaux

While the Dogue de Bordeaux can adapt to apartment living with sufficient exercise, they thrive in homes with a fenced yard where they can roam and play. They may be quite protective of youngsters and are generally good with kids. However, due to their size and strength, supervision is necessary when interacting with smaller children to prevent accidental injuries.


The Dogue de Bordeaux, with its imposing presence and gentle nature, is a wonderful breed for those seeking a loyal and protective companion. They require a dedicated owner who is willing to provide them with the exercise, training, and care they need to thrive. With the right upbringing and socialization, they can be a loving and devoted member of the family.


What is the origin of the Dogue de Bordeaux breed?

The Dogue de Bordeaux, or French Mastiff, originated in France and has a history dating back centuries.

What are the distinctive physical characteristics of the Dogue de Bordeaux?

Dogues de Bordeaux are known for their muscular build, loose skin, distinctive wrinkled face, and a short, smooth coat. They typically have a large head, a broad chest, and a powerful, yet balanced, appearance.

What is the temperament of the Dogue de Bordeaux?

Known for their loyalty and affection, Dogues de Bordeaux are gentle giants. They are typically good with families, displaying a calm and patient demeanor. Proper socialization and training are essential for managing their strong-willed nature.

How much exercise does a Dogue de Bordeaux need?

Despite their large size, Dogues de Bordeaux do not require excessive exercise. Regular walks and moderate playtime are usually sufficient to keep them healthy and happy.

What are the grooming requirements for a Dogue de Bordeaux?

Their short coat is relatively low-maintenance, requiring regular brushing to minimize shedding. Basic grooming, including nail trimming and dental care, is essential for their overall health.

Are Dogues de Bordeaux good with children and other pets?

Generally, Dogues de Bordeaux are known to be good with children and can be compatible with other pets, especially when raised together.

Do Dogues de Bordeaux have specific health concerns?

Like many larger breeds, Dogues de Bordeaux can be prone to certain health issues, including hip dysplasia and heart conditions. A balanced diet and routine veterinary exams can support their general health.

How much should I feed my Dogue de Bordeaux?

The feeding requirements depend on factors such as age, weight, and activity level. Consult with your veterinarian to determine an appropriate diet plan for your Dogue de Bordeaux.

At what age is a Dogue de Bordeaux considered fully grown?

Dogues de Bordeaux typically reach their full size by around 18 months to 2 years of age. However, they may continue to mature mentally and emotionally beyond this timeframe.

Are Dogues de Bordeaux good guard dogs?

Yes, Dogues de Bordeaux have a natural guarding instinct and are known to be protective of their families.

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